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1.3 Remote access
We connect to your personal computer by using the Secure Shell.
Your Personal Computer is starting and gets a new address from your home network. Give it a few minutes to come to life.
- On your regular computer, open the Terminal (also known as "command line")
- On Linux/macOS with a graphical interface, search on the application list, "Terminal" or press the keyboard shortcut
Ctrl + Alt + T
- On Windows, search on the application list
- Try to ping using the IP assigned to your MiniBolt in the before step
$ ping 192.168.x.xxx
Example of expected output:
PING 192.168.1.147 (192.168.1.147) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.1.147: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=2.44 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.147: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=1.75 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.147: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=1.61 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.147: icmp_seq=4 ttl=64 time=1.58 ms
pingcommand fails or does not return anything, you need to manually look for your PC
- You should now be able to reach your PC, with the IP address like
Now it’s time to connect to the MiniBolt via Secure Shell (SSH) and get to work. For that, we need an SSH client.
Install and start the SSH client for your operating system:
- Windows, 2 options:
- Press the button OPEN, when a "PuTTy security alert" banner appears, press the "Accept" button, and finally type your
- Start MobaXterm, 2 options:
- If you want to save the session for later: on the top menu, click on "Session" -> "New session" -> Select "SSH".
- Enter MiniBolt IP address (192.168.x.xx), check "specify username" and enter to the right "temp", keep port "22" selected to the right.
- Press the button OK, when a "Connexion to..." banner appears, press the "Accept" button, and finally type your
- MacOS and Linux:
- Use Putty, simply from the native terminal type
sudo apt install puttyand start it by typing
putty, follow the same Putty instructions as before for Windows.
Note, connection details:
> hostname: your MiniBolt IP address like: 192.168.x.xxx
> port: 22
> username: temp
> password: password [A]
We will work on the command line of the PC, which may be new to you. Find some basic information below. It will help you navigate and interact with your PC.
You enter commands and the PC answers by printing the results below your command. To clarify where a command begins, every command in this guide starts with the
$sign. The system response is marked with the
Additional comments begin with
#and must not be entered.
In the following example, just enter
ls -laand press the enter/return key:
$ ls -la
> example system response
# This is a comment, don't enter this on the command line
- Auto-complete commands: You can use the
Tabkey for auto-completion when you enter commands, i.e., for commands, directories, or filenames.
- Command history: by pressing ⬆️ (arrow up) and ⬇️ (arrow down) on your keyboard, you can recall previously entered commands.
- Use admin privileges: Our regular user has no direct admin privileges. If a command needs to edit the system configuration, we must use the
sudo("superuser do") command as a prefix. Instead of editing a system file with,
nano /etc/fstab, we use
sudo nano /etc/fstab.For security reasons, service users like "bitcoin" cannot use the
- Using the Nano text editor: We use the Nano editor to create new text files or edit existing ones. It's not complicated, but saving and exiting are not intuitive.
- Save: hit
Ctrl-O(for Output), confirm the filename, and hit the
- Exit: hit
- Copy / Paste: If you are using Windows and the PuTTY SSH client, you can copy text from the shell by selecting it with your mouse (no need to click anything), and paste stuff at the cursor position with a right-click anywhere in the ssh window.In other Terminal programs, copy/paste usually works with